Board of Directors

IFRRO Board of Directors

Yngve Slettholm, President
Kopinor, Norway
biography

Dora Makwinja, 1st Vice President
Copyright Society of Malawi, Malawi
Representing RRO Members
biography

Tracey Armstrong, 2nd Vice President
Copyright Clearance Center Inc, USA
biography

Directors 

Sandra Chastanet
Representing RRO Members
Centre Français d'exploitation du droit de Copie, France
biography

Samantha Holman
Representing RRO Members
ICLA, Ireland
biography

Robert Staats 
Representing RRO Members
VG Wort, Germany 
biography

Morten Visby
Representing Creator and Publisher Association Members - creators
EWC, Belgium 
biography

Sarah Faulder
Representing Creator and Publisher Association Members - publishers
PLS, UK
biography

Substitute Directors

Javier Díaz de Olarte
Representing RRO Members
CEDRO, Spain 
biography

Anders Kristian Rasch
Representing RRO Members
Copydan, Denmark
biography

Anke Schierholz
Representing Creator and Publisher Association Members – creators
EVA, Belgium 
biography

Eefke Smit
Representing Creator and Publisher Association Members - publishers
IPRO, Netherlands
biography

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IFRRO Directors' Resumes

In alphabetical order:

Tracey Armstrong

Tracey Armstrong is the President and Chief Executive Officer at Copyright Clearance Center, bringing more than 20 years of experience in rights management with CCC to the industry. Leading the organization through a period of phenomenal change and challenge, Tracey has helped transform CCC’s licensing solutions to meet the needs of today’s digital publishing world.

Tracey works with publishers, authors, universities, businesses and industry associations around the world, addressing copyright concerns and establishing new alliances. In addition, she frequently speaks at industry conferences and events as a thought leader on digital copyright licensing issues.  

Tracey chairs the IFRRO International Conference. 

Tracey holds an MBA from Northeastern University.

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Sandra Chastanet

Sandra is the Rightsholders & International Director of the Centre Français d’exploitation du droit de Copies (CFC), the French RRO representing both authors and publishers in the book and press sector. Lawyer by training, Sandra holds a Master in EC law from Kingston University, UK, and a Master in Public Law from Aix-Marseille University, France. She started her career in the publishing industry, working with Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd and Plon, a French book publisher, holding positions in selling and purchasing rights. Joining CFC in 2003 to develop rightsholders’ digital rights management and international relations with sister organizations, she has been appointed Director by newly nominated CEO, Philippe MASSERON, in 2015. Working closely with rightsholders and their representatives’ organisations, she is committed to promote their interest and develop collective digital licensing strategies. Managing international affairs and international copyright related issues, Sandra has been actively involved in the IFRRO’s work since 2003, participating in number of projects and chairing the Newspapers & Periodicals working group since 2011. She is also a Board member of PDLN (the Press Database and Licensing Network), an international organization member of IFRRO, dedicated to help collective organizations licensing Newspapers and Periodicals as well as developing services and technical standards and tools such as platforms.

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Javier Díaz de Olarte 

Javier Díaz de Olarte has always been very interested in Intellectual Property matters, which is perhaps why he began working for the Spanish music performers’ CMO (AIE) in 2000, managing neighboring rights, both in the music and audiovisual sector. He joined CEDRO in 2006.

Regarding his activities in the Spanish copyright “market”, he has actively worked on all the amendments of the Spanish Intellectual Property Law that have taken place over the last thirteen years. In addition, he has led the strategies to reset a private copy levy system in Spain that matches the European regulation. He also underlines all the work carried out in order to achieve a fair remuneration to authors for the loans of their works.

Furthermore, he points out the efforts made to create an adequate legal system, which would allow universities to use partial copies of books and periodicals, but paying a fair remuneration, both to authors and publishers. Last, but not least, he has been working to build a licensing system that allows rightsholders to receive the corresponding remuneration for the use of their articles developed both by MMOs and final users.

In order to face all these challenges, he has regularly worked with the representatives of writers, translators and books, music and periodicals publishers’ associations. Also, with politicians, journalists from different media (press, radio, tv…) and with the directors in charge of intellectual property matters in different Spanish Governments, among others.

In addition, he is working with librarians; with the Body comprising Spanish universities; with the main technological firms (debtors of the private copy levy), as well as with content aggregators working in Spain, just to mention a few.

He has also had the opportunity to work with representatives of music and audiovisual sectors, which has given him a broader vision of intellectual property and collective management affairs.
Apart of all these activities, he regularly takes part in conferences and presentations about copyright and collective management, organized by universities, the Spanish government, or ALADDA, the Spanish national Group of ALAI. From the international point of view, he has been attending IFRRO’s meetings on a regular basis since 2010, playing an active role in several Working Groups such as Newspaper, Legal, Levy and PLR. Moreover, he has regularly attended the meetings of both the European Group and the Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean. In addition, he is currently a member of the group created to update the bilateral agreement models.

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Sarah Faulder 

Sarah was appointed Chief Executive of PLS in October 2010.  She had previously specialised in copyright at city law firm, Taylor Joynson Garrett (now Taylor Wessing), where she was a partner for ten years representing composers, songwriters and music publishers.  

Sarah then took on various music industry roles, including as Chief Executive of the Music Publishers Association, Chargée de Mission at BIEM and CISAC, the Paris based umbrella organisations for collecting societies from all over the world, and latterly as Public Affairs Director for PRS for Music.  

Sarah has served on several industry boards and is currently on the boards of the British Copyright Council, the Copyright Hub Foundation and the Britten-Pears Foundation promoting the music and life of composer Benjamin Britten and singer Peter Pears. She is also a trained mediator.

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Samantha Holman

Samantha Holman has been the CEO of the Irish Copyright Licensing Agency since 2001. Prior to that and having graduated with a degree in Applied Linguistics, she studied law and then moved into teacher training and academic management. Within IFRRO, she has been an active member of a number of groups and fora, including the European Group, Public Lending Right Forum, Legal Issues Forum. Samantha has been particularly interested in IFRRO’s work developing RROs across Europe and at the same time has an excellent understanding of all aspects of collective management. She has been chair of the European Development Committee for IFRRO since 2003 and has lectured in Eastern European and Transition countries on collective management solutions and the digital agenda. She also lectures regularly at home on copyright issues and on the Google Book Settlement and its impact on authors and publishers.

ICLA has also been working closely with IFRRO on the development of the IFRRO standard software, WISE. ICLA has also hosted both an IFRRO AGM in 2007 and, more recently, Spring Meetings in 2013.

Samantha is also on two national voluntary boards, the Copyright Association of Ireland and the Irish Visual Artists’ Rights Organisation, the CMO for visual artists, (of which she is a founder member). In addition, she has been the Irish national representative to the Executive Committee of ALAI (Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale) where the working language is French. She is currently a board member of the Arrow Association.

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Dora Makwinja

Dora is a holder of Master of Intellectual Property Law, Commerce and Technology from the Franklin Pierce Law Centre, United States of America. Before that, she graduated from the University of Malawi with Bachelor of Social Sciences Degree (Computer and Statistics). She has been working for the Copyright Society of Malawi since October 1997 to date. She is the Copyright Administrator and Executive Director for the institution. COSOMA is one of the institutions in the region that have been successful in collective management of musical rights as well as in reprography. To date COSOMA licenses public performance, broadcasting, mechanical rights in the area of music and reprographic rights. Under reprographic rights administration, COSOMA has been able to license 30 universities, colleges and technical schools and about 100 copy-shops. Based on its success story COSOMA has trained personnel from other collective management organizations from countries in the region as well as beyond. These include Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mauritius, Namibia, The Gambia and Ethiopia.

Dora has attended a good number of courses in Intellectual Property organized by WIPO and other international organizations mainly in the field of Copyright and Related Rights. She has also been engaged as a WIPO expert on Copyright and Collective Management. Besides, she is also lecturer for the Advanced Course on Copyright and Related Rights and Master of Intellectual Property program at the Africa University in Zimbabwe.

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Anders Kristian Rasch 

Anders Kristian Rasch has a law degree from the University of Copenhagen and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with focus on strategy and organizational theory from the University of Southern Denmark. 
After leaving university he joined TV2 Denmark – a national broadcasting network – as a legal advisor. From 1998-2003 he worked as a legal special advisor in a section under the Danish Ministry of Culture where he was responsible for legal issues in establishing the Danish Electronical Research Library (DEFF). The work entailed negotiating national agreements on access to electronic research publications from academic publishers such as Elsevier, Wiley, Blackwell, Science, Nature etc. 

Anders joined Copydan Writing in 2003, becoming CEO in 2008. Since then Copydan Writing has managed to successively develop new agreements within the educational area as well as within the area of both private and public businesses. 
From a historical point, Copydan Writing was one of the organizations who initially helped the founding of IFRRO. Copydan Writing has always considered the IFRRO community as an imperative part of working in the field of copyright. Anders has been an avid member of the European Development Committee, Nominating Committee and Membership Committee. For six years (from 2012 – 2018), Anders held the Vicechair position in IFRRO’s European Group. During this period a considerable amount of EU directives and EU regulations were negotiated, giving him valuable experience in policy work and lobbying.

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Anke Schierholz 

Anke studied law in Munich and was student-fellow at the Munich Max-Planck Institute before the gained professional experience as a copyright lawyer with a prestigious Berlin IP-law firm. Since 1999 she is head of legal of the German visual CMO VG Bild-Kunst. Her focus is on copyright policy, legislation and the legal framework for creatives and CMOs. Since 2007 she is an active member of the IFRRO community, closely working with EVA and OLA, with SAA and other international copyright organisations. She was involved in legislative processes both on national and EU level. 

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Yngve Slettholm

Yngve Slettholm (b.1955) joined Kopinor as Executive Director in 2006. He holds a PhD from State University of New York at Buffalo and is a well-known composer. Before joining Kopinor, he worked as Assistant Professor at the Norwegian State Academy of Music, and served 12 years as Board Director of TONO (the Norwegian music performing rights society). In 2001–05, Mr. Slettholm was Deputy Minister (State Secretary) in the Ministry of Culture, whose responsibilities include copyright matters. In 2011, the Government appointed him to chair the Arts Council of Norway, a position he held until 2015. He has additionally held several honorary posts in the field of culture. In IFRRO, Mr. Slettholm served as Vice Chair of the European Group 2007–12. He is also member of the Development Committee for Eastern Europe, and was elected as Director of the Board in 2012 and 1st Vice President in 2015.

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Eefke Smit

Eefke is Director for Standards and Technology of the International STM Association and Managing Director of IPRO with 30 years of publishing experience. In 1984 she started her working life as a journalist of the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad and after 4 years moved on to academic and professional publishing. Already in the early nineties, as a publisher in physics, mathematics and computer science, she was involved in the very first web-publishing experiments and started for Elsevier several successful e-publishing services. From 2002 – 2006, after a short detour into trade publishing, Eefke was leading Elsevier’s international e-publishing division in Science and Technology, and her signature can be found on globally successful products such as Scopus, ScienceDirect and Scirus.

In 2007 Eefke was appointed Director for Standards and Technology at the International Association of STM Publishers. In 2011 she started doing projects for IPRO, the International Publishers Rights Organisation, and succeeded Lex Lefebvre as Managing Director in 2012.

Eefke serves on the Boards of a wide range of international organisations active in (digital) information services.

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Robert Staats 

Robert Staats has been the joint CEO of VG WORT since 2009. He is a lawyer by profession, specialising in copyright law. Between 1994 and 2008, he worked as a judge and civil servant. He holds a doctorate degree in copyright law. 

Robert has been vice chair of the European Group of IFRRO from 2012 to 2014 and again since 2018. He is also a board member of the Society of Audiovisual Authors (SAA). In Germany, he chairs the Copyright Committee of the German Cultural Council, is a member of several committees in the field of copyright and serves as a board member of the German Literary Fund. Robert is the author of publications on copyright law as well as a lecturer at Humboldt University, Berlin.

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Morten Visby 

Morten Visby (b. 1973) is a Danish literary translator working mainly with theoretical texts and works of cultural history. He has worked in literary translation on a freelance basis since 2002. Since 2007, he has also been engaged in authors' rights activism and in political and organizational work for translators and writers both in Denmark, the Nordics and Europe. Today, he is the president of CEATL (European Council of Associations of Literary Translators) and chairman of The Danish Authors’ Association. His main focus is on copyright, public lending right and book market dynamics. Since 2012, Morten Visby has been on the board of the Danish RRO Copydan, where he has been actively engaged in lobbying for collective management, especially regarding the new digital challenges, and continually involved in creating new business deals for the RRO.

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