Latest Issues

IFRRO members' Education and Enforcement best practices
Submitted by veraliah on Tue, 11/10/2011 - 08:15
EDUCATION
1. Campaigns
 
a) Copyright awareness
 
        ACCESS (Canada) - #AccessCopyright campaign
 
        AGECOP (Portugal) - GRANDE ©
 
        ALCS (United Kingdom) - What the Dickens? website
 
        Copyright Agency (Australia): Campaign for copyright Reading Australia
 
 
        Norwegian Translators Association, submitted by FIT -
        Awareness video (please use CC button for English subtitles) 
 
        Librius (Belgium) - Awareness campaign
 
        ProLitteris (Switzerland) - Campaign Respect Copyright!: Website (in French and German)
 
b) Education
 
        ALCS (United Kingdom): 
                            Wise up to Copyright 
                            Copyright education programmes
                            The Young Writer‘s Guide to Shakespeare
 
        ASMP (United States):
                Online copyright tutorial
                Two-hour seminar, available to be scheduled Sept - April
                Webinar series "The Future of Art & Commerce" presented Sept 2011-April 2012
 
        CCC (United States) - OnCopyright Education
        What is (and isn't) protected by copyright? / Other CCC education resources on Slideshare are available here.
 
        CEDRO (Spain) - Creando que es gerundio ("Making creation work")
        Es de libro (PPT); Website 
        ConTEXTO: 
        Presentation about the campaignIssue #1; Issue #2; Issue #3; Issue #4
 
        CLA (United Kingdom) - Educational campaigns
                                   Copywatch website
                                   Dedicated schools website
                                   Schools Printed Music Licence
                                   Further education dedicated website
                                   Dedicated website for universities
       
 *Copyright and Schools - It gives information across all the CMO’s who licence schools in the UK
 
        COPIBEC (Canada) - Videos: for colleges, for K-12
 
        Copyright Agency (Australia) - Community Education Campaign
 
        FEP (Europe) - Campaign #CopyrightForFreedom
 
        Kopinor (Norway) - Fabelaktig formidling project, developed to inspire and give insight on cultural content within the Kopinor sphere, specifically for teachers. The webpage links to educational activities, relevant material, etc.
 
2. Campaign material
 
a) Posters:
        Assucopie (Belgium) - Poster 1; Poster 2
 
        CeMPro (Mexico) - Educational poster (in Spanish)
 
b) Flyers:
        COPIBEC (Canada) - Flyers 
Flyer Nourish the creative spirit: Respect copyright: English, French
Flyer Protect the creative environment: English, French 
 
        IRRO (India) - Awareness flyer
 
        ProLitteris (Switzerland) - Flyer
 
        SADEL (Chile) - Flyer for copyshops
 
        VG Musikedition (Germany) - Awareness flyers (in German)
                Flyer for nursery schools
                Flyer for music schools
                Flyer for churches
                Flyer for all users
 
c) Leaflets:
        KOPIOSTO (Finland) - Tekijänoikeuden ABC leaflet (in Finnish)
 
d) Videos/Podcasts:
        ASMP (United States)
                Video of 2010 Copyright Symposium
        CADRA (Argentina)
                Institutional video
        CDR (Colombia)
                Licencing campaign -audio insert radio broadcasters (mp3 file, in Spanish)
 
        Kopinor (Norway) - Animated video, showing an inspirational visit from Kopinor in a classroom. The Kopinor licence enables photocopying, downloading and digital copying of educational copyright-protected material; it is not necessary that the rightholders ask for permission in each case. It’s magic!
 
e) Publications:
 
f) Power Point Presentations:
        Assucopie (Belgium) - "Arts & crafts Assucopie" presentation (in French)
 
        OSDEL (Greece) - Awareness material
 
        VG Musikedition (Germany) - PPT (presentation) for nursery schools
 
g)     Newspaper ads: 
 
        Copyright Agency (Australia) - Your staff infringe copyright
 
3. Portals 
 
        CCC (United States) - OnCopyright Resources
 
ENFORCEMENT
 
Documents to Legislators: 
 
        The Authors Guild’s letter, addressed to the U.S. House Judiciary Committee, reminds members of U.S. Congress that Internet piracy directly harms authors’ ability to make a living. The letter asks the Congress for help in fighting piracy. The Authors Guild’s press release is here
 
Anti-piracy activities:
 
 
        CADRA (Argentina) - Antipiracy Program
 
        CeMPro (Mexico) - Antipiracy Program - Daños causados por la piratería editorial (video)
 
 
Legal actions: 
        CLA (United Kingdom)
               One year after legal action, forty-six local authorities take CLA licence
 
 

 

WIPO Assemblies of Member States 2011: IFRRO concerns on proposed instrument for those with Print disabilities
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 29/09/2011 - 14:46

In a statement to the WIPO Assemblies of Member States on 29 September, Olav Stokkmo, IFRRO CEO, reiterated that IFRRO was not opposed to an international legal instrument which includes clearly an exception or limitation in favour of people with print disabilities, so long as certain conditions were met.

Primarily the instrument should respect the 3 steps test of the Berne Convention and cross-border transfers should be dependent on the wishes of the rightholders. In addition he stated that any enabling legal framework would need to be complemented by advancing concrete practical solutions, such as those involving Trusted Intermediaries developed by the WIPO Stakeholder Platform.

The full IFRRO statement is available here.

 

WIPO Assemblies of Member States 2011: IFRRO reiterates commitment to constructive dialogue
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 29/09/2011 - 14:43

In a statement to the 49th WIPO Assemblies of the Member States, IFRRO underlined its continued belief in and commitment to stakeholder dialogues as a way to enable increased access for user groups to intellectual property and cultural heritage.

Olav Stokkmo, IFRRO CEO, gave concrete examples of success stories ranging from the WIPO Stakeholder Platform to the Memorandum of Understanding on Out of Commerce Works, which had been recently signed by 10 stakeholder organisations in the presence of the European Commission in Brussels.

The full IFRRO Statement is available here
 

UK Copyright Modernisation and Orphan Works
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 15/09/2011 - 07:43

UK government recently accepted recommendations for major changes to the current copyright system, while UK Parliament opened an inquiry into the matter.

Changes to the UK copyright law were recommended in a “Digital Opportunity” review headed by Ian Hargreaves, Digital Economy Chair at the Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, Cardiff Business School. The report, commissioned by the UK Intellectual Property Office and published on 18 May 2011, is available here <http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipreview.htm> .

The UK government responded http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipresponse-full.pdf to the Hargreaves review in early August 2011, generally accepting all 10 recommendations and laying out new strategies for international IP http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipresponse-international.pdf and IP crime http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipcrimestrategy2011.pdf. The UK government announced that it intends to bring forward an orphan works scheme this fall, subject to satisfactory safeguards for the interests of both owners of “orphan rights” and rightholders who could suffer from unfair competition from an unfair orphan works scheme. It also refers to diligent search, licensing at market rates and respect for reappearing rightholders.

On 16 August 2011, the House of Commons Business, Innovation and Skills Committee announced an inquiry into the recommendations of the Hargreaves review and the government response. The link for more information is here http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-sele....

IFRRO submits comments on proposed Orphan Works Directive
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 01/09/2011 - 11:37

IFRRO (The International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations) shares the overall aim of the proposed EU Directive on certain uses of Orphan Works to provide legal certainty for the access to orphan works contained in publicly accessible libraries and other establishments specified in the proposal. IFRRO and its members facilitate ease of access to text and image based works that are protected by copyright, while ensuring that the creators are properly remunerated for the use of their works. Solutions are also offered for libraries.

Orphan works should be administered through collective management and licensing. IFRRO members already have experience from administering uses of such works. Regulation and establishment of conditions for uses of an orphan work should be as decided by authors and publishers of the categories of works concerned. In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, the Directive should be without prejudice to the right of Member States to implement different solutions at national level.
It is important that the EU Directive does not stray from the orphan works issue and create a blueprint or imply solutions for other issues. The IFRRO comments submitted today are aimed at ensuring that it makes use of existing mechanisms and agreements to enable libraries to use orphan works, while respecting the rights and interests of authors and publishers including their right of remuneration. The full comments are available here.

IFRRO and its members are already leading players in the provision of access to online libraries, through their championing of and participation in the ARROW and ARROW Plus projects. ARROW is a project of a consortium of European national libraries, publishers and collective management organisations, also representing writers – working through their main European associations and a number of national organisations. It is a distributed system for facilitating rights information management in any digitisation programme, scalable to further applications and reduces time and costs involved in obtaining rights information and clearance. The establishment of an Orphan Works Register is one of ARROW’s specific aims. ARROW Plus aims at refining the ARROW system, increasing the number of countries in which it is used and broadening the types of works for which it is used to include visual material.

IFRRO offers its established collaborative network of partner organisations and stakeholders to help the Commission in realising the aims of the draft Directive on orphan works and ensuring legal access to text and image works with fair remuneration to the creators.

IFRRO submits comments on proposed Orphan Works Directive
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 01/09/2011 - 11:35

IFRRO (The International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations) shares the overall aim of the proposed EU Directive on certain uses of Orphan Works to provide legal certainty for the access to orphan works contained in publicly accessible libraries and other establishments specified in the proposal. IFRRO and its members facilitate ease of access to text and image based works that are protected by copyright, while ensuring that the creators are properly remunerated for the use of their works. Solutions are also offered for libraries.

Orphan works should be administered through collective management and licensing. IFRRO members already have experience from administering uses of such works. Regulation and establishment of conditions for uses of an orphan work should be as decided by authors and publishers of the categories of works concerned. In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, the Directive should be without prejudice to the right of Member States to implement different solutions at national level.
It is important that the EU Directive does not stray from the orphan works issue and create a blueprint or imply solutions for other issues. The IFRRO comments submitted today are aimed at ensuring that it makes use of existing mechanisms and agreements to enable libraries to use orphan works, while respecting the rights and interests of authors and publishers including their right of remuneration. The full comments are available here.

IFRRO and its members are already leading players in the provision of access to online libraries, through their championing of and participation in the ARROW and ARROW Plus projects. ARROW is a project of a consortium of European national libraries, publishers and collective management organisations, also representing writers – working through their main European associations and a number of national organisations. It is a distributed system for facilitating rights information management in any digitisation programme, scalable to further applications and reduces time and costs involved in obtaining rights information and clearance. The establishment of an Orphan Works Register is one of ARROW’s specific aims. ARROW Plus aims at refining the ARROW system, increasing the number of countries in which it is used and broadening the types of works for which it is used to include visual material.

IFRRO offers its established collaborative network of partner organisations and stakeholders to help the Commission in realising the aims of the draft Directive on orphan works and ensuring legal access to text and image works with fair remuneration to the creators.

IFRRO Statement to WIPO SCCR 19 June, 2011
Submitted by jboyd on Fri, 24/06/2011 - 17:28

Magdalena Vinent, IFRRO President made a statement on IFRRO’s behalf at the WIPO SCCR on 19 June 2011.

IFRRO acknowledged the efforts by the drafters of the document to reach a consensus solution regarding a WIPO instrument to enable effective access to copyright works by persons with reading impairment but proposed a few modifications to the draft text on a WIPO instrument.

These included the suggestion that the text should clearly link the instrument to the Berne Convention and in particular to its Article 9.2 and the 3 steps test, which needs to be maintained as the general basis for the establishment of an exception in national legislation.

Click here for full statement

IFRRO Orphan Works Statement 28 January 2010
Submitted by jboyd on Tue, 24/05/2011 - 13:17

IFRRO Orphan Works Statement 28 January 2010

IFRRO makes submission to the European Commission consultation on enforcement of intellectual property rights
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 03/03/2011 - 13:46

IFRRO has made a submission to the European Commission (EC) consultation regarding the application of Directive 2004/48/EC on the enforcement of intellectual property rights. IFRRO believes that the EC, in collaboration with stakeholder representatives, could enable a better understanding of the value of copyright and how it can benefit the development of intellectual property. This includes considering whether the European Observatory on Counterfeiting and Piracy could take on a leading role in measuring the consequences of piracy and other forms of unauthorised uses of intellectual property; supporting existing and encouraging new awareness-raising programmes; and assist, including financially, the further development and deployment of apposite rights information infrastructure systems and technical standards and identifiers.

A copy of the submission can be found here.

IFRRO studies commissioned by WIPO
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 27/01/2011 - 08:26
IFRRO Studies commissioned by WIPO
Submitted by jboyd on Thu, 27/01/2011 - 08:24
IFRRO European Group Statement on the CJEU ruling in the Padawan case
Submitted by jboyd on Wed, 17/11/2010 - 11:03

The IFRRO European Group meeting has adopted a statement on the decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in the so-called Padawan case.

The CJEU decision addresses the fair compensation of rightholders through levies for private copying based on article 5, 2, b of the European Commission (EC) Copyright Directive 2001/29.

IFRRO is pleased that the CJEU states that the concept of fair compensation has to be interpreted uniformly across the European Union according to the CJEU.

IFRRO then notes that the simple fact that the devices are able to make copies is sufficient in itself to justify the application of a private copy levy and points out that surveys show that devices, in the business sector, are often used for private copying.

The CJEU preliminary ruling concerns the application of article 5, 2, b on the exception for private copying. The application of a levy on copying devices relevant to RROs is most frequently based on article 5, 2, a of the Directive 2001/29 which allows Member States to introduce an exception for reprography. This exception has a broader scope than the exception for private copying and the compensation is not based solely on private use.

IFRRO submission on Out of Print Works, to EU Reflection Group
Submitted by jboyd on Wed, 20/10/2010 - 08:54

In a written submission, on the invitation of the Reflection Group of the European Commission on Boosting cultural Heritage online in Europe set up by Commissioners Neelie Kroes and Androulla Vassiliou, the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations (IFRRO) recommends some basic guidelines aimed at facilitating the licensing Out of Print Works (OPW). There are lots of reasons why a work may not be in stock or available in tangible copies. One shouldn’t therefore automatically conclude either that the rightholders do not intend to commercialise it or that, even if they don’t, that they could have no objections to copies being made available. The key is to respect the author’s and publisher’s wishes on whether or not his work should be exploited commercially and to seek an appropriate license.

IFRRO supports initiatives to preserve cultural heritage, and IFRRO and its membership assist authors and publishers in their collaborative efforts to realise EUROPEANA and the European digital libraries. In this respect IFRRO stresses the need for pragmatic solutions, transparency and an active dialogue with creators and publishers when plans are being made to digitise works and make them available to the public. 

IFRRO has also partnered creators, publishers, libraries and their organisations in the Accessible Registries of Rights Information and Orphan Works (ARROW) project. The aim of ARROW is to enable libraries as well as other users to obtain information on who are the pertinent creators and publishers or other righholders, which are the relevant rights concerned, who owns and administers them and how, where they can seek permission to digitise and / or make available the work and on orphan works. 

The ARROW project and the IFRRO Guidelines on facilitating Out of Print Works licensing are prime examples of how voluntary, stakeholder dialogues can produce effective solutions.

Canada - IFRRO comment on Canadian Copyright Modernization Act
Submitted by jboyd on Wed, 15/09/2010 - 08:33

IFRRO has expressed its concerns, in a letter to Canadian Government ministers, that the educational and other non-commercial exceptions in the proposed Canadian Copyright Modernization Act (Bill C-32) will seriously affect the existing and future sales market for educational material and prejudice authors' and publishers' legitimate interests.

It also believes that the bill will put Canada outside the existing agreed international legal framework on copyright.
 

Brazil: Brazilian copyright amendment threatens Exclusive Rights
Submitted by James on Mon, 23/08/2010 - 09:53
IFRRO has supported the Brazilian RRO Associação Brasileira de Direitos Reprográficos (ABDR) in its protests against proposed amendments to the Brazilian Copyright act. 
 
In a letter to Juca Ferreira, the Brazilian Minister of Culture, while supporting some amendments which aim at sustaining collective management of rights in printed works, IFRRO points out that the bill appears to give a general right of access to copyright material which would conflict with the author’s exclusive rights in the Berne Convention and the “3 Step Test” in relation to exceptions and limitations.
 
The basic principle in copyright is that the creator of a work shall also be granted the exclusive right to authorise the use of it. This applies to all kinds of intellectual property and dates back several centuries before any copyright legislation. It is included in international treaties and conventions and national legislation on copyright. Copyright legislation also allows for exceptions to be made to the exclusive rights to allow restricted access to a work without prior authorization of the copyright holder when three specific conditions are all three met: the use must be a special case, not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interest of the author and not conflict with the normal exploitation of the work. The problem comes if the legislation speaks of a general right of access, which would inevitably conflict with the principle of exclusive rights of the creator to authorise or prevent access to his or her work. “We believe that copyright legislation is best built on the long accepted and well founded principles of exclusive rights of the creator accompanied with carefully crafted exceptions on the basis of criteria established in international instruments” said Olav Stokkmo, the IFRRO CEO, adding that if the amendments are carried forward as they currently read the publishing industry and the creator’s possibility to live off his/her work would be seriously jeopardized.
 
IFRRO invites the government to withdraw several of the proposed amendments and instead facilitate a stakeholder dialogue to enable enhanced legal access to copyright works based on individual and collective licensing.
 
India - IFRRO comments on proposed amendments to the Indian Copyright Law
Submitted by James on Mon, 09/08/2010 - 07:56

IFRRO has submitted comments on proposed amendments to the Indian Copyright Law, which would allow only Collective Management Organisations (CMOs) set up by authors. 

The amendments have been described as bringing the 1957 Indian Copyright Act in line with the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT).  However IFRRO's comments point out that the restriction of the right to set up CMOs to authors is "contrary to the development of collective management societies as expressly requested internationally, for instance, by the European Commission, and also to the actual situation of collective management of text and image based works through RROs worldwide". 

IFRRO final submission to the EC Green Paper on creative and cultural industries
Submitted by James on Tue, 03/08/2010 - 07:30

The IFRRO position is that competiveness of Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) depends on creating the right conditions for creativity and innovation to flourish. This requires a balanced copyright framework and the means to enforce creators' and publishers' rights.

IFRRO Technical Standards Overview
Submitted by James on Fri, 02/07/2010 - 13:33

IFRRO standards projects fall into all of the following three categories:

 

1.      Identifiers

Typically an identifier standard will include:

 

  • a definition of the structure and syntax to enable the unique identification of the object of the standard (referent);

  • the methodology for establishing a Management Agency and registration agencies for issuing the standard identifiers.

 

For the IFRRO community it is vital that there should be unambiguous identification of the work involved and of the parties involved (authors, visual artists, publishers, RROs, etc.) so that access can be obtained to relevant rights management data.  Interoperability between such different identifiers is a key issue.  Current projects, involving IFRRO, in this group of standards are the ISTC, ISNI, the IFRRO Party Identifier and DOI.

 

2      Message standards

Message standards enable the automated exchange of information between different parties (e.g. RROs) for agreed applications.  These will involve the definition of mandatory and voluntary fields for inclusion in the message and will need to be closely mapped to the business practices, message flows and data structure of the users.  The ONIX messages for exchanging information on Distribution and Repertoire are the IFRRO projects in this category.

 

3      Other standards

IFRRO is also engaged in two other standards projects:

 

  • ACAP, which enables web sites to communicate rights information to search engines;

  • PLUS, which is a suite of standards designed to facilitate the communication and management of image rights.

 

IFRRO Statement to June 2010 meeeting of WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR)
Submitted by James on Wed, 23/06/2010 - 07:53

The SCCR meeting from June 21-24, 2010 considered four  proposals aimed at creating an enabling legal environment for better access to copyright-protected works for reading impaired persons – one from Brazil, Ecuador and Paraguay and three others from the African Group, the US and the European Union. Despite lengthy negotiations, it was not possible for delegates to agree on wording for final conclusions.

IFRRO's position, in a statement to the meeting from CEO Olav Stokkmo, supported an instrument of the character of enabling legal environment as proposed by the EU, i.e. a joint recommendation, with content along the lines with what has been proposed by the EU and the US.

ONIX for RROs
Submitted by James on Tue, 01/06/2010 - 15:29

The IFRRO Board designated  ONIX for RROs as the preferred message format for IFRRO members and commissioned it specifically from EDiTEUR.  So far two messages have been developed: ONIX for Repertoire (ONIX-RP)and ONIX for Distribution (ONIX-DS).  They have the potential to significantly help RROs to simplify and streamline the transfer of distribution and repertoire data between each other and to rightsholders.  

ONIX-RP is designed to allow the sharing of "repertoire" information between RROs, a repertoire being the definition of a set of resources to which a specific set of rights or permissions relate. In other words, ONIX-RP allows RROs to share with each other the mandates that they hold from rightsholders.

ONIX-DS is designed to allow the sharing of "distribution" information between RROs. Distribution is the process by which revenues are allocated by an RRO. A distribution message therefore typically accompanies a payment, and informs the recipient of the elements that make up the payment. Essentially, ONIX-DS is a specialised "sales reporting message", for reporting on transactions in delegated rights.

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